Lancaster, Worcester County, Massachusetts, USA



 


Notizen: Wikipedia 2020:
Lancaster is a town in Worcester County, Massachusetts, in the United States. Incorporated in 1653, Lancaster is the oldest town in Worcester County. As of the 2010 census, the town population was 8,055.
History:
In 1643 Lancaster was first settled as "Nashaway" (named after the local Nashaway Native American tribe) by a group of colonists known as the Nashaway Company who may have initially been interested in iron deposits in the area. Several of the company were blacksmiths or gunsmiths, including, Herman Garrett, and as early as 1653 a settler, George Adams, was whipped for selling guns and alcohol to the Indians in the area. The town was officially incorporated and renamed "Lancaster on the Nashua" in 1653. Prominent Massachusetts military leader Simon Willard served as an advisor to the company and eventually settled in Lancaster for a period, and provided guns to the local tribe by order of the Massachusetts General Court..
Supporters of Lancaster's founder, John Prescott, born in 1604 (great grandfather of Bunker Hill leader William Prescott, wished to name the new settlement Prescott, but the Massachusetts General Court considered such a request from a common freeman presumptuous, given that at that time, not even a governor had held the honor of naming a town after himself. Instead, they decided to use Lancaster, the name of his home town in England.
Until it was cut down in 1989 due to safety concerns, Lancaster boasted the largest oak tree in the state, called the Beaman Oak, named after settler Gamaliel Beaman (1623–1677).
Lancaster boasts being the official "mothertown" to all of Eastern central Massachusetts. Towns such as Harvard, Bolton, Leominster, Clinton, Berlin, Sterling, and part of West Boylston were all formed from territory of the original boundaries of Lancaster.
Lancaster was the site of the Mary Rowlandson (c. 1637–1711) attack (Lancaster raid) in February 1676 (1675 old style calendar). During Metacom's War, which was fought partially in Lancaster, a group of Native Americans pillaged the entire town of Lancaster in response to English colonial brutality against them. Their last stop was Mary Rowlandson's house. Coming to the defense of the house was Rowlandson's brother-in-law, who was immediately shot and killed by the attacking Native Americans. The Native Americans then set fire to the house, forcing Rowlandson to exit the burning building. Upon crossing the doorstep, Rowlandson saw a scene full of carnage. The majority of her household was slaughtered, with the exception of her husband, Joseph Rowlandson Sr., who was not on the premises, their son, also called Joseph, their two daughters, Mary and Sarah, and herself. Mary, her son, and her two daughters were captured by the Native Americans and forced to join their travels across New England. The Native Americans non-fatally shot Mary Rowlandson in her side, but her youngest daughter, Sarah, sustained an injury during the attack that would later bring about her death. After her release from captivity, Rowlandson wrote a book called A Narrative of the Captivity and Restoration of Mrs. Mary Rowlandson. The book is widely considered one of the greatest examples of a captivity narrative. In 2000, Lancaster Elementary School changed its name to Mary Rowlandson Elementary School.

OpenStreetMap

Ort : Geographische Breite: 42.4743978, Geographische Länge: -71.6922283


Geburt

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   Nachname, Taufnamen    Geburt    Personen-Kennung 
1 Carter, Dorothy  4 Feb 1710Lancaster, Worcester County, Massachusetts, USA I210772
2 Fairbank, Jabez  11 Aug 1670Lancaster, Worcester County, Massachusetts, USA I210809
3 Fairbank, Thomas  29 Aug 1707Lancaster, Worcester County, Massachusetts, USA I210771
4 Fairbanks, Mary  22 Feb 1744Lancaster, Worcester County, Massachusetts, USA I210770
5 Houghton, Daniel  1694Lancaster, Worcester County, Massachusetts, USA I240740
6 Houghton, Simeon  1715Lancaster, Worcester County, Massachusetts, USA I240738
7 Kendall, Heman Sr.  20 Mai 1740Lancaster, Worcester County, Massachusetts, USA I210769
8 Ross, William  14 Sep 1749Lancaster, Worcester County, Massachusetts, USA I215488
9 Sawyer, Mary  4 Jan 1653Lancaster, Worcester County, Massachusetts, USA I210776
10 Whitcomb, Benjamin  26 Okt 1710Lancaster, Worcester County, Massachusetts, USA I215492
11 Whitcomb, Tamar  28 Mrz 1735Lancaster, Worcester County, Massachusetts, USA I215491
12 White, Dorothy  26 Nov 1717Lancaster, Worcester County, Massachusetts, USA I215493
13 White, John  20 Sep 1684Lancaster, Worcester County, Massachusetts, USA I215494
14 Wilder, Dorothy  1686Lancaster, Worcester County, Massachusetts, USA I210774
15 Wilder, Eunice  1690Lancaster, Worcester County, Massachusetts, USA I215495

Gestorben

Treffer 1 bis 15 von 15

   Nachname, Taufnamen    Gestorben    Personen-Kennung 
1 Carter, Samuel Jr.  22 Aug 1738Lancaster, Worcester County, Massachusetts, USA I210773
2 Fairbank, Jabez  2 Mrz 1758Lancaster, Worcester County, Massachusetts, USA I210809
3 Fairbanks, Jonas  10 Feb 1676Lancaster, Worcester County, Massachusetts, USA I210813
4 Gawkroger-Platts, Mary  20 Okt 1688Lancaster, Worcester County, Massachusetts, USA I210780
5 Prescott, John  Dez 1681Lancaster, Worcester County, Massachusetts, USA I210779
6 Prescott, Mary  12 Feb 1705Lancaster, Worcester County, Massachusetts, USA I210778
7 Rice, Mary  22 Aug 1733Lancaster, Worcester County, Massachusetts, USA I215497
8 Rose, Anna  10 Jun 1692Lancaster, Worcester County, Massachusetts, USA I210788
9 Sawyer, Thomas  12 Sep 1706Lancaster, Worcester County, Massachusetts, USA I210777
10 White, John  12 Sep 1725Lancaster, Worcester County, Massachusetts, USA I215494
11 White, Josiah  11 Nov 1714Lancaster, Worcester County, Massachusetts, USA I215496
12 Wilder, Eunice  15 Mai 1778Lancaster, Worcester County, Massachusetts, USA I215495
13 Wilder, Capt Nathaniel  31 Jul 1704Lancaster, Worcester County, Massachusetts, USA I210775
14 Wilder, Thomas  23 Okt 1667Lancaster, Worcester County, Massachusetts, USA I210787
15 Wilder, Capt Thomas Jr.  7 Aug 1716Lancaster, Worcester County, Massachusetts, USA I210811

Verheiratet

Treffer 1 bis 5 von 5

   Familie    Verheiratet    Familien-Kennung 
1 Fairbanks / Prescott  28 Mai 1658Lancaster, Worcester County, Massachusetts, USA F70763
2 Houghton / Bruce  1713Lancaster, Worcester County, Massachusetts, USA F83810
3 Houghton / Taylor  4 Feb 1738Lancaster, Worcester County, Massachusetts, USA F83809
4 Stearns / Glazier  18 Jan 1766Lancaster, Worcester County, Massachusetts, USA F79823
5 White / Rice  28 Nov 1678Lancaster, Worcester County, Massachusetts, USA F72362